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Next Web: web 3.0, web semántica y el futuro de internet > Gestión documental

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    Publicado el 27.2.2014 por Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza González

    En este artículo (Knitting the Semantic Web) los autores Jane Greenberg y Eva Méndez Rodriguez  defienden la tesis de la vinculación clara entre la funciones de una Biblioteca y el proceso de desarrollo de la Web Semántica y de cómo el análisis de dichas funciones y su proceso puede guiar e informar a los desarrollos que se están haciendo en el ámbito de la Web Semántica. Para ello trasladan en primer lugar las similitudes y concomitancias que existen y que vendrían dadas por:

    • Ambas responden al problema de la abundancia de información
    • Ambas pretenden dar un servicio a la ciudadanía que les permita acceder mejor a la documentación y descubrir conocimiento
    • Ambas avanzan gracias a estándares, acuerdos, consensos
    • Ambas se basan en un espíritu de colaboración
    • Ambas son parte esencial (de forma más clara, las bibliotecas) del tejido social actual y afectan de forma creciente a nuestras vidas .

    Bajo estos supuestos los autores analizan cómo las funciones de las bibliotecas y su estudio puede guiar el avance y desarrollo de la web semántica.

     

    FUNCIONES DE LA BIBLIOTECA DESARROLLO DE LA WEB SEMÁNTICA 
    Collection development Semantic Web selection
    Cataloging Semantic "representation"
    Reference Semantic Web Service
    Circulation Semantic Web resource use

     

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    Publicado el 27.2.2014 por Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza González

    La web semántica: una web "más bibliotecariaª"

    En este artículo escrito para SEDIC, Eva Mª Méndez Rodríguez expone en 2004 cuales son las bases y fundamentos de la llamada Web Semántica. Es un artículo divulgativo que tiene por objetivo acercarnos al concepto de Web Semántica explicando sus principales características y ventajas, y al mismo tiempo, analizarla desde el punto de vista de su impacto para los profesionales de la organización y representación del conocimiento que son los propios documentalistas.
     

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    Compartido el 4.6.2013 por Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza González

    Este video de algo más de 5 minutos expresa las principales ideas del proyecto web www.mismuseos.net, un proyecto desarrollado por RIAM I+L LAB, pyme tecnológica española que trabaja en el campo de la web semántica.

    The main goal of Mismuseos.net is to present a case of exploitation of Linked Data for the G.L.A.M. community through innovative end-user applications built on GNOSS, a semantic and social software platform. Mismuseos.net is a free access semantic online solution for end-users that allows them to find and discover museums-related content, and also reach some related external information thanks to the correlation with other datasets. We currently have collections of seven Spanish museums, where users can browse over 15,000 pieces of art and 2,650 artists. The featured applications are: faceted searches, enriched contexts and navigation through graphs. The search engine enables aggregated searches by different facets and summarization of results for each successive search.

    Mismuseos.net obtains the information about cultural goods from the Europeana dataset and the online collections of public Spanish Museums. It also extracts and links data from additional datasets of the Linking Open Data cloud, either to supplement information or to generate enriched contexts: Dbpedia, Geonames and Didactalia (a GNOSS project with an index of more than 50,000 open educational resources).

    Long description:

    GOALS

    Mismuseos.net shows a case of exploitation of Linked Data for the G.L.A.M. community through innovative end-user applications built on GNOSS, a semantic and social software platform. In more detail, the project is guided by the following goals:

    • Put data to work: exploit public datasets and information on museums to generate benefits for users and improve the user’s experience thanks to the potential of the semantic web.
    • Link datasets both to enrich content and generate accurate contexts of information building a cultural and educational graph.
    • Connect cultural and educational worlds in a knowledge ecosystem.

    SEMANTIC SOFTWARE SOLUTION: MISMUSEOS.NET

    Mismuseos.net is a free access semantic online solution for end-users that allows them to find and discover museums-related content, and also reach some related external information thanks to the correlation with other datasets. Mismuseos.net structures, organizes and makes available to you, in accordance with the principles promoted by the Linked Data Project, an extensive catalog of artworks that museums publish on the Web. Moreover, it links the catalog with other existing LOD educational knowledge bases allowing the generation of educational contexts related to cultural goods.

    We currently have a collection of seven Spanish museums (a meta-museum), where users can browse over 15,000 pieces of art and 2,650 artists. These are the museums included until now: Museo Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Museo Reina Sofía, Museo del Prado, Museo Sorolla, Museo de la Fundación Lázaro Galdiano, Museo del Greco and Museo de la Biblioteca Nacional (Museum of the National Spanish Library).

    Datasets used: Europeana (CER.ES collection), Dbpedia, Geonames and Didactalia (GNOSS)

    Mismuseos.net uses several datasets and sources of information:

    • Europeana dataset, specifically the data from the CER.ES collection (CER.ES is the Digital Network of Collections of Spanish Museums), and the online collections of public Spanish Museums. These two datasets were used in order to obtain the information about cultural goods (pieces of arts and museum information basically).
    • DBPedia, used to supplement the information about the author with and extract information on authors and museums location.
    • Geonames, in order to obtain the geolocation data of artists and museums, once we have obtained the names of the places from the primary source or from Dbpedia. This information will be exploited in the future to locate them in a map view.
    • Didactalia, an index of over 50,000 educational resources on gnoss.com, linked to provide users with related educational content.

    To sum up the process, the primary information has been enriched, cleaned and normalized when necessary, and uploaded to the project online space inside the gnoss.com platform, so that we can consume and exploit the data and present the end-user applications. We have prepared a general navigation through tabs that includes a homepage with content selection, a tab for the collection (pieces of art) and another one for artists. In the near future, we will also include a tab for museums. The previous entities (pieces of art, artists and museums) are represented on the platform with their specific ontologies thanks to the semantic CMS of GNOSS using standard vocabularies if available.

    Technology and main features:

    The solution has been developed on gnoss.com, a social and semantic platform with a deep focus on the generation of social knowledge ecosystems and end-user applications in a Linked Data environment. It includes faceted searches, recommendation systems and adapted contexts in education, university and enterprises. GNOSS could be conceived as a network of networks or a linked networks space oriented to using semantic technologies for data and service integration. Moreover, it has a wide range of configurable social tools, which have been mostly deactivated in the case of Mismuseos.net.

    • Semantic Content Management System (SemCMS): semantic forms engine

    GNOSS expresses user-generated content as structured data with default basic semantic standard vocabularies. This is done automatically when a user shares content on the platform. Besides, GNOSS has an engine for developing specific ontologies to represent knowledge objects, and, as a consequence, specific search engines if necessary. The semCMS allows uploading an OWL file describing the concepts and relations within a particular knowledge domain, and it generates a semantic form with all the classes and properties represented in the OWL file. This is the case of MisMuseos.net, which has ontologies with particular vocabularies for artworks, artists and museums. So, all the information is available in RDF files.

    • Faceted searches

    Mismuseos.net has a powerful faceted search engine that is generated by its semantic graphs (RDF triplets); the search engine exploits that graphs through reasoned or inference-based searches. It provides specific configurable facets for each item type. For instance, in the case of pieces of art, users can search by facets such as collection type (sculpture, drawing, painting, etc.), museum, key words, author, time period, art techniques, etc.

    By selecting a search option, it allows you to filter the results in consecutive searchers, and therefore restrict the results to a manageable number of entries. It offers summarization of the results, so that users can better understand how the results relate to all search facets. The values are recalculated for every set of results in aggregated searches. Also, one can only filter by those options where there results, avoiding incoherent search options.

    • Contexts or related information: enriched content in Mismuseos.net

    In Mismuseos.net, we have set several contexts depending on the object or entity that the user is viewing, which offer dynamically generated content:

    1. Contexts for the entity ‘piece of art’: related works by the same artist and artworks within the same particular time period (internal), artist information (internal); related educational resources of Didactalia (external, on gnoss.com).

    2. Contexts for the entity ‘artist’: artworks of the artist (internal), contemporary artists (internal), related paper toys and educational resources of Didactalia (external).

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    Publicado el 3.6.2013 por Equipo GNOSS

    Sanspapier, búsquedas semánticas para los ebooks

    Sanspapier es una start-up francesa que acaba de salir de la incubadora del laboratorio de edicion e innovacion en París.

    Se trata de una librería online que se basa en un sistema de recomendación que va más allá de la variable “compra” y trata de buscar afinidades reales entre obras a través de nuevos algoritmos de inteligencia artificial que analizan el contenido de una obra y proponen al lector lecturas complementarias, como recomendábamos para las librerías en la era digital.

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    Publicado el 11.4.2013 por Equipo GNOSS

    Tratamiento de los metadatos de contenido en la web semántica

    Este artículo de Mariàngels Granados de la Bibioteca de Catalunya  propone un sistema basado en Web Semántica para el uso de metadatos. El sistema de indización y recuperación propuesto se basa en la adopción de los encabezamientos de materia (KCSH) usados como descriptores, rompiendo las cadenas precoordinadas y combinándolos con la CDU.

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    Publicado el 18.3.2013 por Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza González

    The Guardian: All our datasets: the complete index. Linked Data

    En este espacio puedes encontrar todos los datasets del periódico británico The Guardian publicados desde 2009, y actualizados de manera permanente. Estos conjuntos de datos, son datos estructurados, semantizados, datos sobre los que se pueden crear valiosas aplicaciones que los exploten.

    All our datasets: the complete index

    Lost track of the hundreds of datasets published by the Guardian Datablog since it began in 2009? Thanks to ScraperWiki, this is the ultimate list and resource. The table below is live and updated every day - if you're still looking for that ultimate dataset, the chance is we've already done it. Click below to find out

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    Publicado el 26.2.2013 por Pablo Hermoso de Mendoza González

    • Seth van Hooland, Rubén Verborgh y Rik Van de Walle reflexionan en su artículo Joining the Linked Data Cloud in a Cost-Effective Manner sobre la necesidad de generar mecanismos previos que permitan abrir y vincular los datos de una forma efectiva y eficiente. Para ello muestran cómo herramientas interactivas de uso general de transformación de datos, como Google Refine, pueden ser utilizadas para realizar eficientemente la tarea previa de limpieza y refinamiento de datos necesaria que preceda a la apertura de los datos vinculados.

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    Compartido el 22.10.2012 por Equipo GNOSS

    Data Journalism and Visualization (Open Knowledge Foundation)

    Selección de vídeos del OK Festival (Open Knowledge Foundation) en el que se incide en las posibilidades de los datos y la web semántica en el trabajo del periodista:

    "The Data Journalism and Data Visualization stream combines two closely-related disciplines for hands-on practical sessions, discussions, demonstrations and debates. The stream will kick off on Monday with two satellite events, Visualizing Knowledge and Hacks/Hackers Helsinki. During the festival itself, join us to learn how to make data pretty, with tools demos and a session on using APIs for journalists. Join the debates on how to bring data journalism in the newsroom and make open data mainstream, and on how to use it to track powerful influence groups in the media. Our week ends with a Hackday co-organized with Helsingin Sanomat, pioneers of combining Open Data and Journalism in Finland. Whether you are a Hack, a Hacker or an interested bystander, we’ll make you into a data journalist – join us!"

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    Publicado el 28.9.2012 por Equipo GNOSS

    Building a semantic content management system from scratch

    Charla impartida en la conferencia “The 2012 Semantic Tech & Business Conference” en San Francisco, CA, EE.UU. (celebrada entre el 3 y 7 de junio de 2012).

    En ella Ron Michael Zettlemoyer  y Cliff Jurkiewicz de Fynydd nos hablan de su gestor de contenidos semántico.

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    Publicado el 6.8.2012 por Equipo GNOSS

    Smart Notebooks: Keeping on the same page, across the net

    En este post se discute la importancia de las herramientas de trabajo colaborativo para la gestión de proyectos.

    Propone 4 principios de diseño para este tipo de herramientas:

    • Simple, elegante de gran alcance
    • Documentos inteligentes que se comunican entre sí (a diferencia de una copia única y central, como por ejemplo el proporcionado por Google Docs)
    • Peer-to-Peer
    • Estándares abiertos, software libre, ecosistema abierto

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