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OpenClinical: Ontologies

Ontology - the "science of being" - typically has different meanings in different contexts. Webster's Dictionary defines ontology as:

 

a branch of metaphysics relating to the nature and relations of being

a particular theory about the nature of being and the kinds of existence

Several philosophers - from Aristoteles (4th Century BC) to Leibniz (1646-1716), and more recently the 19th Century major ontologists like Bolzano, Brentano, Husserl and Frege - have provided criteria for distinguishing between different kind of objects (a.g. concrete vs. abstract) and the relations between them.

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